Slideshow
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >>

map
Croatian Coastline near Rab - Score:7.96296
Croatian Coastlin...
User:andi1712
Spot:Coastline
End of the day - Score:7.96000
End of the day
User:jannor
Spot:Losinj - Kv...
Jama - Autumn - Score:7.92308
Jama - Autumn
User:fruehlingsgoettin
Spot:Jastrebarsko
isle near Krk - Score:7.68750
isle near Krk
User:andi1712
Spot:Baska
Garden in Vrbnik3 - Score:7.57143
Garden in Vrbnik3
User:verica
Spot:Vrbnik
Jama - Winter - Score:7.50000
Jama - Winter
User:fruehlingsgoettin
Spot:Jastrebarsko

Croatia

Popular Attractions

Croatia offers to the tourists a captivating beauty of her landscape, a beauty that is enriched by the harmonious combination of the mountains, the Mediterranean and the Pannonian Valley. There are compelling attractions that a tourist cannot afford to miss even on a short tour of Croatia. The walled city of Dubrovnik on the Mediterranean, one of the three World Heritage sites of Europe, is simply mesmeric with her enchanting beaches and islands as also the many historical sites the city possesses. Once there you can realize why the English poet Lord Byron called her the ‘Pearl of the Adriatic’. Among the must see attractions of Dubrovnik are Rector’s Palace, Big Onofrio’s Fountain, Pile Gate, the Cathedral and the Church of St. Blaise, the Franciscan Monastery, Fortress Revelin, the Bell Tower, Orlando’s Column, Palace Sponza and the Jesuit Church. Then there are the most beautiful islands in Croatia like the Hvar and Korcula with pristine beaches that remain etched in your memory. Other islands you must visit are Krk, Brac and Mljet. Zagreb, the lively Croatian capital city, is the place to discover modern Croatia. The peninsular Istria has picturesque landscape and the nearby resort of Porec offers outstanding historical and architectural structures. The ancient city of Pula, Istria’s largest city and port, has the famous amphitheatre built 2,000 years ago. Other popular Croatian resorts on the Adriatic are Kvarner and Opatija. Dalmatia is a must visit with her landscape of beautiful beaches and pinewoods and the historic towns like Dubrovnik and Split. The second largest city in Croatia, Split offers you a view of the World Heritage site Diocletian’s Palace built in the 3rd century. If time permits, it will be rewarding to visit some of the seven National Parks of Croatia. The most beautiful among them is the Plitvice Lakes included by UNESCO among world natural heritages. The gorgeous Krka River, also a national park of Croatia, winds her way through a canyon to the sea creating on the way beautiful lakes and waterfalls.

Nature & Geology

The crustal surface of Croatia is primarily composed of limestone and dolomite. The country is part of the large Dinaric Karst area stretching from Slovenia to Macedonia along the Mediterranean coast. The limestone karst though largely flat has formed in Croatia many large and beautiful caves. Longest among these caves is the Dulin Ponor having a length of 16,396 m. It is located at Medvedica. The deepest caves of Croatia are parts of Mt. Velebit in the region of Hajducki i Rozanski Kukovi lying in the Sjeverni Velebit National Park. Lukina Jama cave is the deepest (1,392 m deep) with the world’s longest single vertical drop of 516 m. Slovacka Jama cave has a depth of 1,320 m. Tourists can see these caves if they visit Sjeverni Velebit National Park. The congenial climate of Croatia round the year makes visit to the many tourist caves attractive. Croatia’s caves are safe for amateur visitors who can explore with pleasure the beautiful caves belonging to the continental as well as coastal mountain ranges of Velebit, Ucka and Mosor. The Mountain Rescue Service of Croatia is there for rescue operations by helicopter if need be. There are also speleological societies to help the cave loving tourists in the exploration. The caves in Croatia that the tourists can safely visit include Veternica near Zagreb, Baredine Cave in Istria, Vitezica Cave on the Krk Island, Golubnjaca Cave in Plitvice National Park and the Modra Cave in Dalmatia on the Island of Bisevo. There are also underwater caves in Croatia for the tourists to indulge in recreational cave diving. Details can be got from HSRD, Croatian Cave Diving Society.

History

Croatia on the Adriatic Sea has a history spanning more than a thousand years with numerous cultures influencing the evolution of the country. Ancient civilizations flourished in this country extending to the islands as evidenced by archaeological cave findings in the islands of Palagruza and Hvar. There is evidence of early Stone Age human settlement along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea. Ancient Croatia because of its strategic location used to be a trade route between the East and Europe making it commercially prosperous. First the Greeks and then the Romans traded on the sea in Croatia building in the country their palaces and residences which stand to this day as great historical sights. Croatia as we know today was inhabited by the Illyrians till the 4th century BC after which the Celts and then the Greeks colonized the country. In the 7th century AD, the Croat and the Slav tribes started to settle down in Croatia. Starting from two duchies, the country was converted into a state by Tomislav, the first king of Croatia. However, after the fall of this dynasty, the reign of Croatia was taken over by Hungary in the 11th century. Later during the 16th century, the country merged with the Turkish Ottoman Empire. By 18th century, the Ottoman Empire was replaced and Austria became the ruler of Croatia. During the mid 19th century, Croatia lost her autonomy to be ruled by the combined monarchy of Austria and Hungary till it was restored in 1868. The country became Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Marshall Tito united Croatia with the Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia. After the fall of the Communist regime of Tito, Croatia declared her independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. In 1995, Croatia captured Krajina forcing the Serbs there to leave and established a Croatian government.

Culture

Croatia has a rich cultural tradition handed down from ancient times. The native Croatian language that uses Latin alphabet has been enriching the country’s literature for over 500 years. The Stokavian dialect forms the foundation of Croatian language. Influences of the styles of different countries can be detected in the folk music of Croatia. The popular dance Kolo is Slavic in origin but the mandolin accompanying the dance is Croatian. Italian influence is manifested in the guitar and accordion bands of Dalmatia. As regards religion, the Croats are dominantly Roman Catholic and the Serbian community is follower of Orthodox Church. The country has seen revival of Roman Catholicism after the faith was suppressed during the Communist regime under Yugoslavia. There are also small percentages of Muslims, Protestants and Jews in Croatian populace. People of Croatia are fond of oily foods and Burek and Piroska are two oily delicacies. Meat and cheese are main ingredients of Burek. Piroska is a cheese donut. Finest sea foods are found in the Adriatic coast with such cuisines as mixed fish and rice of Dalmatia called ‘brodet’ and ‘scampi’. Wines vary according to regions. The architectural styles of Croatia are mainly a combination of Roman, Renaissance and Baroque. You can see the best artifacts from the Roman period at Pula and Split. The best examples of this style are the amphitheatre of Pula and the Diocletian’s Palace in Split. The most attractive architectural structures are found in the Croatian towns of Trogir, Korcula and Dubrovnik. The Gothic style is expressed in the St. Lawrence Church in Trogir. The medieval towns of Dubrovnik and Korcula are fortified and are very well preserved to retain their attractiveness for the tourists. The Basilica of Porec in Istria from the 6th century BC exhibits beautiful wall mosaics from the Byzantine period.

Political

Although Croatia achieved independence from Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991, the country had already adopted her Constitution on December 22, 1990. The country is now basically a parliamentary democracy with the President as the Executive Chief of the State. The real executive power is however vested in the Prime Minister who heads the government and the cabinet ministers. The Parliament which is unicameral has the sole authority to legislate. The Parliament in Croatia is known as ‘Sabor’. There is a three-tier judicial system in the country comprising the Supreme Court, country courts and municipal courts. Citizens of Croatia can vote from the age of 18 to elect the government. Among the political parties represented in the Croatian parliament is HDZ (Croatian Democratic Union) that now runs a coalition government along with other smaller parties like HSS (Croatian Peasant Party), HSLS (Croatian Social Liberal Party) and SDSS (Independent Democratic Serb Party). The only body in the Croatian Parliament, the Chamber of Representatives is elected by people’s votes for a term of 4 years. The Sabor has 153 members of which 140 are from 10 seats each from the 14 Croatian districts. The other seats are reserved for Serbian and other minority groups. The Parliament passes legislations, enacts and amends Constitution and adopts state budgets besides other duties. In the Croatian Republic, the Supreme Court is the highest court.

Infrastructure

Infrastructure of Croatia is better compared to other East European countries. The continuous war between 1991 and 1995 causing lot of damages to her infrastructure notwithstanding, the country has 11 highways. This war ravaged country is being aided by the World Bank and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for improving the country’s infrastructures like the air and railways, roads, water supply and electricity. The eight major airports in Croatia are Dubrovnik, Zagreb, Split, Pula, Zadar, Osijek, Brac and Rijeka. All the major airlines operate flights from these airports. All the important seaports of Croatia- Dubrovnik, Split, Pula, Ploce, Sibenik and Rijeka are on the Adriatic Sea. The only company providing inter-island and inter-port sea transports in Croatia is ‘Jadrolinija’. They operate ferries and catamarans for transporting passengers. This coastal service is extensive and links the northern city of Rijeka with Dubrovnik in the south covering on the way Split and Korcula. The railway in Croatia is too meager for the country’s requirements. There is no immediate prospect of extending the railways in Croatia as it is not a priority in the infrastructural development. Highways construction receives the highest priority from the Croatian government since most of the tourists come to the country by road. Besides road transport is mostly quicker than the railway. The geography of Croatia demands high quality of connecting roads between the different parts of the country and the highways need to be improved a lot to achieve that standard. The railroads of Croatia are also in need of much improvement. Only the coastal towns of Split and Rijeka are connected by rail with Zagreb. While the bus transport in Croatia is dependable, the numerous Adriatic islands of the country can be reached by ferries and catamarans which remain the most widely available coastal transport. The national Croatia Airlines links the three major cities of Croatia- Zagreb, Dubrovnik and Split. Within the city transport is good in Zagreb where trams, buses, funicular and taxis ply. The heart of the city can be traversed by foot quite easily as is the case with the old city of Dubrovnik.

Dos & Don’ts

While touring Croatia, the visitor should keep in mind certain things that help avoid complications during the travel. We share below some Dos and

Dos:

i) Wear dresses that cover your legs and shoulders when visiting religious places like churches and monasteries.

ii) Wear rubber shoes to avoid stinging by the sea urchins when swimming in the sea.

iii) Enjoy local food and wine which are less expensive than their imported counterparts.

iv) Stay protected from the sun while spending time on the beaches to avoid sunburn.

v) While hiring a car from outside Croatia, say from some city in Europe, make sure that the car operator has the license to enter into the country from that European city.

Don’ts

i) Damage the beautiful environment and ecology of Croatia by any of your actions like littering on the road or starting a fire.

ii) Walk around in towns of Croatia scantily clad like in a bikini.

iii) Announce yourself as a gay or lesbian. These are still taboos in many parts of Croatia.

iv) Insult customs and cultures of Croatia.

v) Pronouncedly exhibit yourself as a non-Catholic. Catholic beliefs are dominant in Croatia.

vi) Use Croatian language without proper knowledge. The ‘you’ used for addressing older people in Croatia are formal and not as used in English. Wrong use can offend the person spoken to.



To support us in developing this site please suggest your description or any additional information of Croatia to the operator. You are the one to put it in.
Your contribution makes the difference!

Suggest YOUR description now!

Please make sure you do not violate the personal rights of anyone!